This bibliography is constantly being updated and
is not complete.
History and Culture
Baumgartner, Frederic. France in the Sixteenth Century. NY: St.
Martin's Press,1995. - an excellent overview overviews, analysing the times
from the point of view of the estates -- the nobility, the clergy, the
commons, as well as the monarchy and the institutions of justice. It has
the clearest explanation of "money of account" to be found anywhere.
Bitton, Davis. The French Nobility in Crisis: 1560-1640. Stanford,
CA: Stanford University Press, 1969.
Braudel, Fernand. Civilization and Capitalism, 15th to 18th Centuries,
Vol. 1: The Structures of Everyday Life. NY: Harper & Row, 1981.
In indispensible classic on material life.
Buisseret, David. Henri IV, King of France. London: 1984. - focusses
on Henri IV's military exploits and role as king.
Burke, Peter. Popular Culture in Early Modern Europe. NY: Harper
& Row, 1978.
Coudy, Julien. The Huguenot Wars (trans. by Julie Kernan, originally
published as Les Guerres de Religion), NY: Chilton Book Co, 1969.
A collection of eyewitness accounts of the events surrounding the wars.
Corvisier, André. Armies and Society in Europe 1495-1789. Bloomington:
Indiana University Press, 1979. trans. by Abigail Siddall.
Davis, Natalie Zemon. Society and Culture in Early Modern France.
Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press, 1987. - a series of very insightful essays
on various aspects of 16th c. culture.
Davis, Natalie Zemon and Farge, Arlette, editors. A History of Women
in the West: Volume III, Renaissance and Enlightenment Paradoxes, Cambridge,
MA: Harvard University Press, 1993.
Delbruck, Hans. The Dawn of Modern Warfare (History of the Art of War,
Vol 4). Univ of Nebraska Press: 1990.
Diefendorf, Barbara. Beneath the Cross- Catholics and Huguenots in Sixteenth
Century Paris. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1991. - one of the best
studies of the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre and the social circumstances
leading up to it.
Erlanger, Philippe. La Vie Quotidienne sous Henri IV. Paris: Librairie
Febvre, Lucien (trans. Beatrice Gottlieb). The Problem of Unbelief in
the Sixteenth Century. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press, 1982. -
an interesting perspective on the mentality of the 16th c.
Febvre, Lucien. Life in Renaissance France. Cambridge, MA: Harvard
Univ. Press, 1977.
Fedder, Katharine. Manor Life in Old France - From the Journal of Sire
de Gouberville for the Years 1549-1562. NY: Columbia Univ. Press, 1933.
- excerpts from Gouberville's Journal, arranged around topics ("food",
Flandrin, Jean-Louis. Families in Former Times. Cambridge: Cambridge
Univ. Press, 1976. - some insights into the concept of "family" as it evolved
in the early modern period in France.
Garrisson, Janine. A History of Sixteenth-Century France, 1483-1598
: Renaissance, Reformation and Rebellion, New York: St. Martin's Press,
1995. See Review.
Greengrass, Mark. France in the Age of Henri IV. NY: Longman, 1995.
- a lot of different insights into Henri IV's achievement of bringing stability
Hale, J. R.War and Society in Renaissance Europe, Baltimore: Johns
Hopkins Univ Press, 1985. -- This is a great book bringing together many
aspects of war, culture, and society.
Holt, Mack P. The French Wars of Religion 1562-1629. Cambridge:
Cambridge Univ. Press, 1995. - a good overview of the wars, and a great
Holt, Mack P. , ed. Society and Institutions in Early Modern France.
Athens: Univ. of Georgia Press, 1991. - a series of essays
Hufton, Olwen. The Prospect Before Her: A History of Women in Western
Europe 1500-1800. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996.
Kamen, Henry. The Iron Century: Social Change in Europe 1550-1660. NY:
Praeger Publishers, 1971. This is a wide-ranging analysis of the
second half of the century. This is a great divide between the first half
of the sixteenth century (the reigns of François I and Henri II),
and the second half, consumed as it was by war, social instability, and
Ladurie, Emmanuel LeRoy (trans. John Day). The Peasants of Languedoc.
Urbana: Univ. of Illinois Press, 1976. - useful analysis of peasant life,
looking at food consumption, prices, etc.
Mandrou, Robert (trans R.E. Hallmark). Introduction to Modern France
1500-1640: An Essay in Historical Psychology. NY: Holmes & Meier,
1976. - a very useful analysis of society and culture, inspired by the
"total history" approach of Febvre.
Montaigne, Michel de. The Complete Works, Trans. by Donald M. Frame.
Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press, 1971.
Neuschel, Kristen B. Word of Honor: Interpreting Noble Culture in 16th
century France, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1989.
Oman, Sir Charles. The Art of Warfare in the Sixteenth Century. London:
Methuen & Co. Ltd, 1937. A greatly sought-after classic for anyone
interested in military history.
Ozment, Steven. Magdalena & Balthasar, Yale University Press,
1989. These are letters exchanged over many years between a travelling
Nuremburg merchant and his wife. An interesting insight into everyday life
in the 16th century..
Poortvliet, Rien (trans. by Karen H. Ford). Daily Life in Holland in
the Year 1566; and the story of my ancestor's treasure chest. NY: Harry
N. Abrams, Inc., 1992. A wonderful book with beautiful drawings of realistic
people, clothes, furniture, etc. Not a scholarly work (there is no bibliography)
but the drawings come from good source materials, if you can recognize
them. Mostly, this is just a lovely work of art.
Roeder, Ralph. Catherine de Medici and The Lost Revolution. NY:
Viking Press, 1937. - an interesting bio of one of the key figures of the
Russell of Liverpool, Lord. Henry of Navarre. NY: Praeger Publishers,
1970. - a traditional bio of Henri IV.
Salmon, JHM. Society in Crisis, France in the Sixteenth Century.
NY: St. Martin's Press, 1975. - This is one of the very best overviews
of the period, and it has a magnificent bibliography.
Smith, Lacey Baldwin, The Elizabethan World, Boston: Houghton Mifflin,
Wiley, William Leon. The Gentleman of Renaissance France. Cambridge:
Harvard Univ. Press, 1954.
Food and Dining
Brett, Gerard. Dinner is served; a study in manners. Hamden, Conn.:
Archon Books, 1969.
Conseil National Des Arts Culinaires. Nord, Pas-de-Calais: Produits
du terroir et recettes traditionelles. Paris, 1994.
Clark, Peter. The English alehouse : a social history, 1200-1830.
London ; New York : Longman, 1983.
Dawson, Thomas. The Good Huswife's Jewell. London, 1596. A historical
reprint is available from The New England and Virginia Company, P.O. Box
8511, Salem, MA 01971-8511.
Mennell, Stephen. All manners of food : eating and taste in England
and France from the Middle Ages to the present. Oxford, UK ; New York,
NY, USA : B. Blackwell, 1985.
Paston-Williams, Sara. The Art of Dining: A History of Cooking and Eating.
Harry N. Abrams, 1994.
Scully, D. Eleanor, Terrence Scully, J. David Scully (illus.). Early
French Cookery: Sources, History, Original Recipes and Modern Adaptations.
University of Michigan Press, 1995.
Scully, Terrence. The Art of Cookery in the Middle Ages. University
of Rochester Press, 1995.
Toussaint-Samat, Maguelonne, trans. Anthea Bell, History of Food,
Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1993.
Wheaton, Barbara Ketcham. Savoring the past : the French kitchen and
table from 1300 to 1789. Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania
Arnold, Janet. Patterns of Fashion -- the cut and construction of clothes
for men and women c. 1560-1620. NY:Drama Book, 1993. This book has
detailed diagrams of actual surviving garments, many of which have become
so fragile they are no longer on public display in the museums that own
them. Janet is a goddess in costuming circles.
Cunnington, C. Willet and Phillis Cunnington, Handbook of English Costume
in the Sixteenth Century. Boston: Plays, Inc., 1970.
Davenport, Millia, The Book of Costume. NY: Crown, 1948. This has
a great many b&w photos of paintings, sculptures and surviving garments.
It is one of the classics in the field, and is sadly out of print (see
our Suppliers for G.F.
Armoury Books, one of our sources for out-of-print books. Also, Blake's
Books, on the web, is an excellent source, provider of many loved volumes!).
Kelly, Francis M. and Randolph Schwabe. Historic Costume. NY: Charles
Scribner and Sons, 1929. Another out-of-print classic. Includes patterns
of actual garments.
Norris, Herbert. Costume and Fashion, Vol. 3, The Tudors Book II: 1547-1603.
Facsimile reprint Falconwood Press. This source cannot be relied on without
corrobation from another source (the Victorian author politely omits codpieces
from his drawings, for example), but the line drawings are easy to reproduce
and without copyrights.
Piton, Camille, Le Costume Civil en France de XIII au XIX Siècle.
Paris: Flammarion. no date. This is an excellent work, with many pictures
that have not been reproduced elsewhere. Davenport uses it as a source.
(out of print).
Willet, C. and Phillis Cunnington. The History of Underclothes.
NY: Dover, 1992. Pictures of shirts, chemises, etc.
Paintings are a wonderful resource for costumes, interiors, utensils, and
environment. A few artists of particular interest that can be found on
the web are